LANDCAREMED Project aims at providing local authorities (i.e. rural villages) with the necessary tools and methodologies for developing integrated strategies and policies in the field of rural waste management (RWM). This objective will be achieved by enhancing territorial institutions and organisations for the development of a new integrated and environmentally sustainable RWM system, ensuring the waste treatment and recycling, through a new small-scale methodological approach and the exploitation of innovative technologies.
This small-scale RWM approach is oriented to Communities whose economy is mainly based on livestock and agriculture. The 3 regions (Lebanon, Tunisia and Italy) where the Project will be implemented present the same needs and constraints regarding RWM. In fact, in all the involved Countries the prevention of the Rural Waste (RW) production and the recycled material deriving from rural and human activities in rural communities are currently not well developed and none of them applies a policy which allows a sound environmental management.
The target groups consist of 4 rural villages involved in the Project, their technical staff, farmers and citizens who can directly and positively contribute to the elimination of the idea itself of waste. In the framework of theProject, farmers and citizens of the 4 selected Municipalities, namely the Municipality ofDecimoputzu (Sardinia-Italy), Municipality of Medjez El Bab (Béja-Tunisia, as associate), the Municipalities of HaretSaida and Zebdin (Lebanon), will e the main actors of the Project methodology.
The system is implemented in small Communities where a large part of the population is employed in farms located in the countryside of the target areas and Municipalities territory.
The actors (municipalities, farmers and citizens) involved in the Project will develop and implement the RWM system where any kind of residual in human, livestock and agriculture related activities has a reasonable and efficient way of reusing. This will change the role of the farmers and citizens from source of the problem to key factor of its solution by shifting their role from passive actors to active stakeholders. In this framework, Municipalities involved in the Project will play a key role in coordinating and implementing the new RWM thanks to the reinforcement of their skills and competences in terms of sustainable environmental policy planning.